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NotaPublicado: Mié Nov 20, 2013 6:19 am 
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Moral Sentiments and Material Interests: Origins, Evidence, and Consequences.

By Gintis, Herbert; Bowles, Samuel; Boyd, Robert; Fehr, Ernst


This chapter presents an overview of Moral Sentiments and Material Interests. While the various chapters of this volume are addressed to readers independent of their particular disciplinary expertise, this chapter makes a special effort to be broadly accessible. We first summarize several types of empirical evidence supporting strong reciprocity as a schema for explaining important cases of altruism in humans. Although most of the evidence we report is based on behavioral experiments, the same behaviors are regularly observed in everyday life, for example in cooperation in the protection of local environmental public goods, in wage setting by firms, in political attitudes and voter behavior, and in tax compliance. "The Origins of Reciprocity" later in this chapter reviews a variety of models that suggest why, under conditions plausibly characteristic of the early stages of human evolution, a small fraction of strong reciprocators could invade a population of self-regarding types, and a stable equilibrium with a positive fraction of strong reciprocators and a high level of cooperation could result. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)


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